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Scientists Improve the Performance of the Flexible and Transparent Energy Storage Devices

Update time:2021-06-15
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The light, flexible and even fully transparent energy storage devices have wide applications in the future portable devices. However, the flexible and transparent energy storage devices are still confronted with great challenge. The light transmittance and the energy density affect each other, and the improvement of a single performance often leads to a significant drop in the other performance. Moreover, it is necessary to increase the capacity of the energy storage device.

 

Recently, Prof. HUANG Fuqiang’s group at Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences has successfully prepared a series of interstitial boron-doped mesoporous semiconductor oxides SnO2-xBy, ZnO1-xBy and    In2O3-xBy through rational crystal doping design.

 

The research result was published in Nature Communications entitled "Interstitial boron-doped mesoporous semiconductor oxides for ultratransparent energy storage".

 

In this new type of transparent semiconductor oxide, the interstitial boron atoms can not only greatly increase the carrier concentration of the doped material, but also provide abundant binding sites for the embedding of OH-.

 

The pseudocapacitive reaction with OH- converts the inert SnO2, ZnO and In2O3 into highly electrochemically active supercapacitor electrode materials. By controlling the interstitial boron doping concentration, the volumetric specific capacity of the mesoporous transparent semiconductor oxide of this kind can reach 1172 mF cm-3 which is similar to the pseudocapacitive performance of other non-transparent metal oxides.

 

Such semiconductor materials can be uniformly blended with polyethylene dioxythiophene-poly (styrene sulfonate) conductive polymer and then coated on polyethylene terephthalate substrate by aerosol spray technology.

 

The transparent flexible supercapacitor assembled using this electrode has a capacitance retention rate close to 100% after 15,000 cycles, and its area energy density and light transmittance can reach 1.36 × 10-3mWh cm-2 and 85%, respectively, which are better than all other transparent energy storage devices currently reported.

 

This research provides a new strategy for the design and synthesis of transparent semiconductor oxides with excellent electrochemical activity.

 

This work is supported by the National Key Research and Development Program and the National Natural Science Foundation of China.

 

(a) High-resolution transmission electron microscopy image of interstitial boron doped mesoporous semiconductor oxides. (b) Interstitial boron (at%) as a function of total doped boron. (c) Transmittance spectra of the assembled transparent and flexible supercapacitors. (d) Ragone plots of our device compared with previously reported values in state-of-the-art energy storage device.

Article link: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-020-20352-4 

Contact: Prof. HUANG Fuqiang

Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences

Email: huangfq@mail.sic.ac.cn

 
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